What Are The Challenges Facing IOT Data Management Platforms?

What Are The Challenges Facing IOT Data Management Platforms?
What Are The Challenges Facing IOT Data Management Platforms?
Photo by Shutterstock

Internet of Things (IoT) device management enables users to track, monitor, and manage devices to ensure that they can work correctly and safely after deployment.

Billions of sensors interact with people, homes, cities, farms, factories, workplaces, vehicles, wearable devices, and medical equipment. The Internet of Things (IoT) is changing our lives, from managing home appliances to vehicles. The device can now advise us what to do, when to go and where to go. Industrial applications of the Internet of Things can help us manage processes and predict failures and disasters. The IoT platform can help set and maintain parameters to optimize and store data accordingly.

Data management is the process of obtaining overall available data and refining it into important information. Different devices from different applications send a large amount and variety of information. Managing all this IoT data means developing and executing architectures, strategies, practices, and procedures that meet the needs of the complete data lifecycle.

Things are controlled by smart devices to perform tasks automatically, so we can save time. Smart things can collect, transmit, and understand information, but a tool will be needed to aggregate data and draw inferences, trends, and patterns.

Developers and manufacturers of embedded systems and devices need to build systems that can meet data management needs. They need to design a data management framework that is compatible with all the software and hardware that play a role in collecting, managing and distributing data. The design must be efficient to speed up the time to market of the final product.

Data from IoT devices is used for analysis purposes. The information that companies collect and store but is relatively stagnant because it is not used for analysis purposes is called dark data. It includes customer demographic information, purchase history and satisfaction, or general product data. To better understand customers, dark data is invaluable to businesses because it enables them to discover other insights more effectively.

Before product launch, IoT data management requires field testing. Data from field testing can help improve designs and create higher quality products. Collecting field data helps to continuously improve the product through software updates and identifying anomalies, which also provides important advice to support the new product development process.

IoT data management

In edge computing, data is processed near the data source or at the edge of the network. In a typical cloud environment, data processing occurs in a centralized data storage location. By processing and using certain data locally, IoT can save data storage space, process information faster and respond to security challenges.

Edge computing, data governance strategies and metadata management can help companies deal with scalability, agility, security, and availability issues. This further helps them decide whether to manage data at the edge or just after sending it to the cloud.

Sensors generate large amounts of data for edge gateway devices, so they can make decisions by analyzing the data. These high-performance systems not only need to collect data in real time, but also need to organize the data and provide it to other systems.

Sensors and devices can be connected indirectly through the cloud for centralized management of data, or they can send data directly to other devices to collect, store, and analyze data locally, and then share selected findings or information with the cloud. Edge devices for data management help protect the most valuable data and reduce bandwidth costs. These also provide excellent performance, data ownership and lower maintenance costs.

Edge devices run a web-based dashboard that end users can access to monitor the data flow, so they can decide how the various systems and devices in the demo will operate and be notified through alerts. A large amount of data can be represented in the form of a graph in any desired time range, and each point on the graph can represent a record, which can be found by searching a database that stores a large amount of data.

AWS IoT device management

This is essential for industrial, consumer and commercial applications (such as industrial and connected homes). It enables customers to manage all kinds of huge equipment, such as operational technology systems, cameras, machines, vehicles, equipment, etc.

It supports monitoring the usage and performance indicators of equipment in manufacturing, oil and gas, and mining industries. It monitors metadata and protocols to make changes and notifies any adjustments to the device configuration. It also allows to detect any abnormal behavior on the entire device and take mitigation measures.

It provides secure entry, organization, monitoring, troubleshooting and over-the-air firmware update (OTA) delivery. It allows adding device attributes (such as device name, type and year of production, certificates and access policies) to the IoT registry. Then, it assigns them to the devices and makes the connected devices quickly ready for service. This helps to quickly search and find any IoT device in the entire real-time device group.

According to the combination of device ID, device status and type, it is easy to find the device, so in addition to troubleshooting, you can also take measures. Operations such as restarting, restoring factory settings and security patches can also be performed remotely.

Data management challenges

Over time, the number of IoT devices will increase, thereby increasing the challenge of real-time processing and analysis to reduce storage time. Space must be optimized for metadata (such as user ID and password) to ensure that there is enough space to store new information.

Functions such as adaptive maintenance, predictive maintenance, safety monitoring, and process optimization all rely on real-time data. Choosing the right tool is a challenge because the integration between different sensors should be demonstrated and compatibility confirmed. When not connected, the device must still gain insight, make decisions and prepare for data distribution.

Important factors behind the IoT device data management platform include interoperability, scalability, security, and standards provided by software technology for building IoT products. It is very important to protect data from unauthorized access and tampering. Organizations need to comply with national regulations regarding the protection of data.

IoT device data also needs to be checked for quality. Connecting many devices directly to cloud services will bring huge security risks, which can be eliminated by guiding data through the security gateway device.

Potential of IoT device management

IoT device management software enables users to track, monitor and manage physical IoT devices to ensure that they can work correctly and safely after deployment. These tools usually allow them to push software and firmware updates to devices and solve problems remotely.

They also provide permissions and security features to ensure that each device is protected from vulnerabilities. IT administrators mainly use these solutions to track performance, security, and overall status of each connected device.

Collecting IoT data from the field can better understand the functions of the product in the user’s daily life. IoT data management allows users to optimize smart algorithms by viewing sensory data and the point in time when users make changes. Then, users can redesign the product to provide a better user experience.

Freelancer Blogger and Writer. I am now studying CSE at Chengdu University Of Technology. Feel free to contact with me.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store