Since the beginning of this year, under the influence of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, online production and lifestyles such as online office and online education have become increasingly mainstream. The boundary between the real world and the digital world has become increasingly blurred, and network security risks such as cyberattacks have further penetrated the real world. The rapid development of 5G, new infrastructure, industrial Internet, and Internet medical services have also caused a surge in cybersecurity risks in these areas.
During the just-concluded National Cyber Security Publicity Week, under the deployment and arrangement of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, scientific research institutions have issued cybersecurity research reports to sort out the current status of my country’s cybersecurity development and make research and judgments on future cybersecurity development trends. The research report shows that in the first half of 2020, the number of public Internet network security threats is on the rise, and the network security situation in the post-epidemic period will become more severe.
The network security situation is ushering in new challenges
The comprehensive deployment of 5G networks, the rapid expansion of the industrial Internet, and the accelerated development of Internet medical, artificial intelligence, remote office and other industries under the epidemic have brought new economic development opportunities while also giving The field of network security brings many new challenges.
In the first half of this year, 5G construction accelerated. As of the end of June, my country had over 400,000 5G base stations; as of the end of July, the number of 5G terminal connections had reached 88 million. 5G has increased the degree of generalization of network security boundaries, leading to complex and intertwined online and offline security issues and increasing the difficulty of smart infrastructure security defense. New features such as accelerated innovation of new infrastructure technology architecture, in-depth integration of application ecology, and continuous emergence of multiple scenarios pose new challenges to industry cybersecurity work.
The spread of the epidemic has sharply increased cybersecurity risks in the medical and public health sectors. On the one hand, there are many incidents of cyberattacks using the theme of the epidemic. A number of overseas APT organizations use the topic of “new pneumonia” as bait and use phishing emails to attack targets and institutions in my country. Globally, the detection data of security vendor Checkpoint shows that since April 2020, the number of network attacks related to the new crown virus has exploded. On the other hand, critical medical infrastructure has become the main target of cyberattacks. The “Overview of Cybersecurity Situation in the First Half of 2020” issued by China Academy of Information and Communications Technology shows that the number of high-risk vulnerabilities in the medical industry and Web attack incidents account for the highest proportion. The website of the medical institution has been attacked by exploiting the vulnerability.
The industrial Internet field is facing unprecedented challenges. The “Summary of Industrial Internet Security Trends in the First Half of 2020” issued by the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology shows that in the first half of this year, the number of malicious network behaviors related to the industrial Internet in my country has shown an increasing trend, and security risks are prominent. Among them, cyberattacks are mainly concentrated in basic industries, and medical-related industries have become the focus of attacks during the epidemic. Networked industrial equipment and systems “run with illness” are common, and the threshold for being attacked is low.
In the short term, the cybersecurity industry encounters new machines. Due to the epidemic, the market for cybersecurity products and services may decline. However, in the long term, while the global epidemic has not subsided, the whole society will be affected by telemedicine and telecommuting. The demand for online applications is still very high. The traditional network security service model of “maintenance on site and remote supplement” can no longer cope with current network security threats and challenges, and network security architectures such as “zero trust” have accelerated.
A research report issued by the National Industrial Information Security Development Research Center shows that network security is one of the few industries that are less affected by the epidemic. In the first quarter of 2020, there were 134 global cybersecurity technology mergers and acquisitions and financing activities, with a cumulative financing transaction value of US$8 billion. Cybersecurity startups in the areas of security incidents, threat analysis, network border security, and identity and access management have performed well.
With the development of new-generation information technologies such as artificial intelligence and 5G, the integration of high-end equipment such as robots and the industrial Internet has accelerated, equipment networking, and enterprise cloud access have accelerated the spread of security risk transmission, and the network attack surface has continued to expand, promoting the industrial Internet security protection work gradually The shift to dynamic coordination will inject new momentum into the network security industry and drive the innovation and development of the network security industry.
During the period of coordinating the prevention and control of the epidemic, the state has repeatedly emphasized speeding up the construction of new infrastructure such as 5G networks and data centers, and the process of digital industrialization and industrial digitization in my country has been accelerating. Create a cybersecurity industry ecosystem that adapts to the new digital era, accelerate the implementation of cybersecurity technologies and theories, create a good cybersecurity investment and financing environment, accelerate the construction of a cybersecurity public service platform, and strengthen collaboration between the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain, which will become a post-epidemic The focus of the development of the network security industry during the period.